Research interest: My research and extension interests are in the development of integrated strategies for weed management in cut flower, vegetable crops and strawberries. The management of weeds in most these crops is complicated by the limited number of herbicide and fumigant options as well as carryover concerns. In partnership with growers, commodity organizations, Extension Farm Advisors, Extension Specialists, USDA-ARS Researchers and Pest Control Advisors we are developing strategies to maximize the value of currently available weed management tools. My research program can be divided into three areas: soil disinfestation with steam, mechanical weed removal and weed management with herbicides. My outreach activities focus on providing educational materials on the management of weeds in California cut flowers, vegetable crops, and strawberry.