UC Davis and Dow AgroSciences Team with Consortium to Advance African Orphan Crops
Bambara groundnut. Drumstick tree. Apple-ring tree. While many have never heard of these crops, they produce nutrition essential in Africa. To help improve the benefit brought by these and other little-studied crops, Dow AgroSciences teamed up with the University of California, Davis (UC Davis) and the African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC). The organization is working to advance plant breeding and agronomic training in Africa for improving crops and nutrition. The progress made by the AOCC was highlighted at a workshop during the International Plant & Animal Genome XXVI Conference in San Diego, Jan. 1317, 2018. This event is the largest agricultural genomics meeting in the world.
Speakers at the Genome Conference included Allen Van Deynze and Howard-Yana Shapiro from UC Davis.
"The goal of the AOCC is to the alleviate stunting due to malnutrition by improving productivity and nutrition of African crops. The information and expertise provided by Dow AgroSciences is critical to the success of African plant breeders to accelerate their breeding programs and achieve the goal," said Allen Van Deynze, research director at the Seed Biotechnology Center, Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis.
As part of contributing to the work of the AOCC, Dow AgroSciences sequenced the genomes of three orphan crops, generating an estimated 350 gigabytes of new DNA sequence information from 116 lines which will now be publicly available for the first time. Knowledge generated using this sequence information will serve as the foundation to advance plant breeding in these crops by African breeders that will ultimately improve human nourishment and food security.
As part of its commitment, Dow AgroSciences also sent plant breeders to Kenya to lead workshops as part of the UC Davis Plant Breeding Academy with plant breeders from 25 African countries who are eager to enhance and apply their knowledge and skills.
"Knowledge is power, and by sharing our technical expertise we can empower and elevate plant breeding for these little known but very important crops of Africa. It is important to collaborate with society to tap the power of technology for everyone," said Don Blackburn, director, Dow AgroSciences, North America Regional Crops & Global Breeding Services.
(Article by Ann Filmer, Dept. of Plant Sciences, UC Davis)
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