Wildfire Perceptions Largely Positive After Hiking in a Burned Landscape

Students in a UC Davis fire ecology class walk along a burned ridge top of Stebbins Cold Canyon Natural Reserve in 2016. (photo Alexandra Weill, UC Davis)
Students in a UC Davis fire ecology class walk along a burned ridge top of Stebbins Cold Canyon Natural Reserve in 2016. (photo Alexandra Weill, UC Davis)

Post-fire surveys at Stebbins Cold Canyon Reserve describe ‘awe-inspiring’ experience

When hikers returned to UC Davis Stebbins Cold Canyon Reserve in 2016, a year after a wildfire swept through its expanse of oak trees and chaparral in Northern California, half of them expected to see a devastated landscape. But pre- and post-hike surveys conducted by the University of California, Davis, reveal that roughly a third returned energized, awed and excited about the changes they saw.

Among the survey responses: “This area is restoring itself.” “Awe-inspiring.” “Nature is always changing, sometimes sad. Today I felt hopeful.”

Results of the survey, published in the International Journal of Wildland Fire, indicate that people understand and appreciate the role of fire in natural landscapes more than is perceived.

“People can have really largely positive experiences hiking in a place that has burned,” said lead author Alexandra Weill, who conducted the survey while a graduate student researcher in Professor Andrew Latimer’s lab in the UC Davis Department of Plant Sciences. “They engage in it and find it very interesting and surprisingly beautiful. That can be used as a tool in education and outreach as places around us recover from wildfire.”

 

 

Getting the prescribed burn message

Survey responses were gathered from about 600 people between May 2016 and June 2017. Responses indicate that most participants — about 70 percent — were getting the message that prescribed burns can benefit ecosystems and reduce the threat of catastrophic fire.

Survey participants were highly familiar with the narrative of the West’s history of fire suppression and fairly familiar with fire topics related to conifer forests. But they were less knowledgeable about fire’s history and role in the shrublands and woodlands that dominate much of Northern California.

Several of the state’s most devastating recent fires — the Camp Fire in Paradise, Tubbs and Kinkade fires in Santa Rosa, the Mendocino Complex Fire — were in environments including oak, woodland and chaparral, such as at Stebbins Cold Canyon. Fires in these areas burn differently than those in conifer forests.

This disconnect could indicate a gap in fire outreach and education. Weill suggested that educators and agencies adjust the narrative to reflect people’s local landscape.

A California poppy brightens the view at the UC Davis Stebbins Cold Canyon Natural Reserve in Northern California. (photo Chris Nicolini, UC Davis)
A California poppy brightens the view at the UC Davis Stebbins Cold Canyon Natural Reserve in Northern California. (photo Chris Nicolini, UC Davis)

 

Nuanced views

While positive responses were far more common than expected, most people held mixed views regarding effects of the fire. For example: “I know it’s good, but it’s sad when it’s out of control and people lose homes.” “I understand [it] needs to happen — but devastating!”

Such wariness is not surprising but it is illuminating, Weill said.

“People have more nuanced opinions than we give them credit for in understanding positive and negative effects of fire, but also difficulty in reconciling what they know about good fire versus what they see in the news or personal experiences,” said Weill.

Hikers overlook Lake Berryessa from Stebbins Cold Canyon Natural Reserve in 2016. (photo Alexandra Weill, UC Davis)
Hikers overlook Lake Berryessa from Stebbins Cold Canyon Natural Reserve in 2016. (photo Alexandra Weill, UC Davis)

 

About Stebbins Cold Canyon Natural Reserve

Stebbins Cold Canyon is part of the University of California’s Natural Reserve System and is operated by UC Davis.

The reserve is currently closed to the public following state and county stay-at-home directives related to COVID-19. (Read the full closure statement on the reserve’s website.) 

Allie Weill, recruiting hikers at Stebbins Cold Canyon Natural Reserve. (photo Alexandra Weill, UC Davis)
Allie Weill, recruiting hikers at Stebbins Cold Canyon Natural Reserve. (photo Alexandra Weill, UC Davis)

Located about 20 miles west of main campus, university researchers and citizen scientists use the reserve as a field site and outdoor classroom. Seasonal springs provide watering areas for wildlife. When open, a public hiking trail leads roughly 50,000 hikers each year past grasslands, blue oaks, woodlands and chaparral, and up a ridgeline that offers sweeping views of Lake Berryessa. In July 2015, the Wragg Fire burned about 8,050 acres before it was fully contained two weeks later.

This study was funded by the UC Natural Reserve System.  

(Article by Kat Kerlin, originally posted here. Additional co-authors include Andrew Latimer and Lauren Watson, UC Davis Department of Plant Sciences. Additions to this re-post from Ann Filmer, UC Davis Department of Plant Sciences. March 26, 2020.)

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About Allie Weill

Alexandra Weill received a Ph.D. in Ecology from UC Davis in November 2018, working with Professor Andrew Latimer in the Department of Plant Sciences. Her dissertation was "Living with fire in California chaparral: from plants to people". It included population-level variation in fire-adaptive traits (fire-stimulated germination and flammability) in Ceanothus, and about perceptions of fire. She now works as the Outreach Coordinator for the U.S. Geological Survey Western Ecological Research Center in Sacramento, California.

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